Architectural Archives

Raymond Mathewson Hood Collection (022)

The Raymond Hood Collection comprises one manuscript, eight drawings, and 22 photographs documenting two visionary designs proposed in 1927 and 1929.

Biographical / Historical Note

One of the most important shapers of urban form in the United States during the early twentieth-century, Raymond Mathewson Hood (1881-1934) studied architecture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.  Hood worked in the offices of Cram, Goodhue & Ferguson and Palmer & Hornbostle before establishing his practice in New York City in 1914.  His reputation was built by a succession of trend-setting skyscrapers.  Among his best-known works are:  his competition-winning entry for the Chicago Tribune Tower (completed 1925), the Daily News Building (completed 1930), the McGraw-Hill Building (completed 1931), and Rockefeller Center (completed between 1931 and 1940) by Hood, Godley & Fouilhoux in association with Reinhard & Hofmeister and Corbett, Harrison & McMurray. 

Scope & Content Note

The Raymond Hood Collection comprises one manuscript, eight drawings, and twenty-two photographs documenting two visionary designs, donated to the Architectural Archives by Mrs. J. André Fouilhoux, widow of Hood’s professional collaborator Jacques André Fouilhoux. 

The most significant holdings in the collection are five original ink sketches signed and annotated by Hood illustrating his “Tower City” proposal of 1927.  Three photomechanical enlargements of these sketches are preserved in the collection, two of which were rendered in ink and gouache by Hood and were among a selection of his drawings exhibited in the 1984 exhibition Raymond Hood:  City of Towers, presented by the Whitney Museum of American Art in New York.  Also very important is an extraordinary six page typescript account of the project written by Hamilton M. Wright, with extensive annotations in Hood’s handwriting.  Photography related to the “Tower City” proposal includes:  18 photoprints of graphics, a model (location of the original is unknown) and views of New York City. 

Hood’s “City Under a Single Roof” proposal of 1929 is documented by four photoprints in the collection:  one of an “atmospheric” perspective of a single tower attributed to Carl Landefeld and photographs of three models.  The locations of the drawing and models are unknown. 

Photographers of materials in this collection include W. H. Kelham, Jr., Samuel H. Gottscho and Louis H. Dreyer.
 

Provenance

Acquisition:  Gift of Mrs. Jacques André Fouilhoux, before 1970.