Architectural Archives

  • Monument to a Deceased Ruler, winning Rome Prize drawing, 1914

William J.H. Hough Collection (045)

The collection contains personal correspondence, sketch books, scrapbooks, photographs, architectural drawings and other materials related to Hough's student years at the University of Pennsylvania and his years of study in Italy.  The collection also contains photographs of drawings (ca 1920-1925) of Paul Cret's Delaware River Bridge, designed and built during Hough's early years in Cret's firm.  The collection contains graphic materials by Grant Miles Simon, H. I. Stickroth and Giuseppe Vasi.

Biographical / Historical Sketch

William J. H. Hough was trained in architecture at the University of Pennsylvania (B.S. 1911, M.S. 1913), where he studied under Paul Philippe Cret.  In 1911 he won the Stewardson Traveling Scholarship, and in 1914 he won the Rome Prize, which permitted him to study at the American Academy in Rome from 1914-1917.  In 1917, he worked with the American Red Cross in Italy and received the Bronze Medal of Merit from the Italian Red Cross in 1919.

Hough worked for the architectural firms of Cope & Stewardson (1908-1909), Frank Miles Day (1912) and John T. Windrim (1913-1914).  In 1919 he joined the firm of Paul P. Cret.  He became a partner in Cret's firm in 1923; and when Cret died in 1945, he and John Harbeson, William Livingston and Roy Larson continued the firm as Harbeson, Hough, Livingston and Larson.
 

Scope & Content Note

The collection contains personal correspondence, sketch books, scrapbooks, photographs, architectural drawings and other materials related to Hough's student years at the University of Pennsylvania and his years of study in Italy.  The collection also contains photographs of drawings (ca. 1920-1925) of Paul Cret's Delaware River Bridge, designed and built during Hough's early years in Cret's firm. 

Hough's correspondence is limited to his time in Europe, 1911-1919, and is nearly entirely with family members.  Hough's letters and photographs provide insight into architectural education, his fellow students, and World War I in Italy from the perspective of a student and a Red Cross worker.  There is no correspondence with Paul Cret, who was serving in the French army while Hough was at the American Academy in Rome. 

Hough's sketchbooks document his travels in Italy, and his scrapbook titled "Italian Villas" documents more than twenty villas with numerous photographs and sketches.  The collection contains a group of remarkable large renderings, including "Monument to a Deceased Ruler," which won the Rome Prize in 1914, and "Fountain and Colonnade, Piazza di San Pietro, Rome" a fine large rendering made at the American Academy in Rome.

The collection contains two items by Hough's fellow students in Rome: an etching by Grant Miles Simon and a drawing by H. I. Stickroth.  The oldest item in the collection (1765) is a large engraved view of Rome by Giuseppe Vasi. 
 

Series Overview

Series I.  Personal Correspondence 1911-1919.
  A. Dated letters, William J. H. Hough to family, 1911-1912 (Stewardson Prize trip).
B. Dated letters, William J. H. Hough to family, 1914-1919 (Rome Prize trip).
C. Undated and miscellaneous letters, 1911-1919.

Series II.  Sketchbooks

Series III.  Scrapbook

Series IV.  Photographs

Series V.  Miscellaneous

Series VI.  Drawings by Hough

Series VII. Oversized Miscellaneous

Provenance

Gift: Charles S. Hough and William J. H. Hough, Jr., 1998, 2000.