Graduate Architecture

Headshot of Bill Braham

William W. Braham

Professor of Architecture
Director MSD-EBD Program / CEBD
Chair-Elect Faculty Senate

B.S.E., Princeton University
M.Arch, Ph.D. Arch., University of Pennsylvania

William W. Braham, PhD, FAIA is a Professor of Architecture at the University of Pennsylvania, where he previously served as Chair, and is currently Director of the Master of Environmental Building Design and of the Center for Environmental Building + Design. He has worked on energy and architecture for over 30 years as a designer, consultant, researcher, and author of numerous articles and books.

His books include:
Architecture and Systems Ecology: Thermodynamic Principles for Environmental Building Design (Routledge, 2016)
Energy Accounts: Architectural Representations of Energy, Climate, and the Future (Routledge, 2016)
Architecture and Energy: Performance and Style (Routledge, 2013)
Rethinking Technology: A Reader in Architectural Theory (Routledge, 2007).

His recent articles include:

Braham, William. 2020. "Searching for a “Bioclimatic Law” in Architecture: Comfort and the Ethics of (Human) Performance." In The Routledge companion to paradigms of performativity in design and architecture, edited by Mitra Kanaani. New York: Routledge.

Braham, William W., and Jae Min Lee. 2020. "Metabolism of Urban Location: Travel Time and the Morphology of Cities." Frontiers in Sustainable Cities 2. doi: 10.3389/frsc.2020.00004

Lee, Jae Min, and William W. Braham. 2020. "Measuring public service quality: Revisiting residential location choice using emergy synthesis of local governments in Pennsylvania." Cities 102:102753. doi:

Braham, William W., Jae Min Lee, Evan Oskierko-Jeznacki, Barry Silverman, and Nasrin Khansari. 2019. "Spatial concentration of urban assets in the Philadelphia region: An emergy synthesis." Ecological Modelling 401:52-68. doi:

Braham, William W. “Regenerative Architecture,” 2019. Sustainability is Dead: Re-generation in Architecture. School of Architecture, edited by Richard Graves. University of Minnesota.

Braham, William W. “Cities are Grown in Soil,” 2018. In Ecology+Design Strategies to Solve Complex Problems. Pennsylvania State University.

Shen, Pengyuan, William Braham, Yunkyu Yi, and Eric Eaton. 2019. "Rapid multi-objective optimization with multi-year future weather condition and decision-making support for building retrofit." Energy 172:892-912. doi:

Shen, Pengyuan, William Braham, and Yunkyu Yi. 2019. "The feasibility and importance of considering climate change impacts in building retrofit analysis." Applied Energy 233-234:254-270. doi:

Lee, Jae Min, and William Braham. 2019. "Right-Sizing Cities for Maximum Power: Urban Form Parameters for New York City and the Greater Philadelphia Region." Sustainability 11 (8):2352. doi: 10.3390/su11082352

Yi, Hwang, Ravi S. Srinivasan, William W. Braham, and David R. Tilley. 2017. "An ecological understanding of net-zero energy building: Evaluation of sustainability based on emergy theory." Journal of Cleaner Production 143:654-671. doi:

Shen, Pengyuan, William Braham, and Yunkyu Yi. 2018. "Development of a lightweight building simulation tool using simplified zone thermal coupling for fast parametric study." Applied Energy 223:188-214. doi:

Yi, Hwang, William W. Braham, David R. Tilley, and Ravi Srinivasan. 2017. "A metabolic network approach to building performance: Information building modeling and simulation of biological indicators." Journal of Cleaner Production 165:1133-1162. doi:

Yi, Hwang, William W. Braham, David R. Tilley, and Ravi Srinivasan. 2017. "Measuring ecological characteristics of environmental building performance: Suggestion of an information-network model and indices to quantify complexity, power, and sustainability of energetic organization." Ecological Indicators 83:201-217. doi:

Lee, Jae Min, and William W. Braham. 2017. "Building emergy analysis of Manhattan: Density parameters for high-density and high-rise developments." Ecological Modelling 363:157-171. doi:

Yi, Hwang, Ravi S. Srinivasan, and William W. Braham. 2015. "An integrated energy–emergy approach to building form optimization: Use of EnergyPlus, emergy analysis and Taguchi-regression method." Building and Environment 84:89-104. doi:

Yi, Hwang, and William W. Braham. 2015. "Uncertainty characterization of building emergy analysis (BEmA)." Building and Environment 92:538-558. doi:

Srinivasan, Ravi S., William W. Braham, Daniel E. Campbell, and Charlie D. Curcija. 2012. "Re(De)fining Net Zero Energy: Renewable Emergy Balance in environmental building design." Building and Environment 47:300-315. doi:

Work and Research
Map of UPenn campus with different types of buildings labeled.

University of Pennsylvania campus building map, utility connections labeled, Carbon Action Plan Report, 2012.